Artifacts from the 1866 Shipwreck “Baltic”
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William Adams IV
William Adams IV was the son and first partner of William Adams III. In 1819 when he became partner, the name of the firm was changed to William Adam and Son, and subsequently to William Adams & Sons when three other sons joined the firm.
William Adams IV was a prolific producer of American scenic and historic China. On his father's death bed he became managing director of the family business.
Around 1834 he built the Greenfield pottery in Tunstall, England, the first important pottery manufacturer there, to which the firm's offices, styled Adams & Sons, were moved. Active in the American trade, he visited the United States in 1821 and 1825. Then, or later, he secured prints of American scenes done after paintings by Thomas Cole, W.G. Wall and others.
In 1966 the Adam's firm was amalgamated with the Wedgewood group.
Some of the items recovered from the "Baltic" shipwreck, and identified as work produced by Adam's includes:
1. The Imperial French Porcelain Porridge Bowls
2. The Porcelain Soup Bowls - 1858 Greenfield Potteries
3. The Corn Jugs - 1858
4. The Blue Worm Bowls and Blue Mochaware Bowls
5. The Banded Creamware Cider Mugs
6. The "Spongeware" Seaweed Design Cider Mugs (Mochaware)
"The Columbia Series"
A romantic scene printed in light blue on ironstone dinner wares, this pattern was first put into production around 1845, being produced at the Adams Stoke Upon Trent works, England. When the Stoke works closed in 1864, production was transferred to the Adams Greenfield factory in Tunstall, England. The firms records were destroyed in a fire in 1875. The "Columbia" appeared in light blue, dark blue and pink. The scroll mark was in use from the mid 1850's to shortly some time after the 1880's.