Artifacts from the 1866 Shipwreck “Baltic”

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Figurines and Ink Wells

Wurttemberg, Germany, presently Federal Republic of Germany. On orders of Duke Carl Eugen von Wurttemberg the Ducal Real Porcelain Factory was founded in 1758. Despite the fact that it soon produced artistically important porcelain, especially figurines, it was dependent on subsidies from Duke Carl Eugen. After this death in 1793, the subsidies stopped and the manufactory declined. Four years later Duke Frederik remitted the debts of the manufactory and tried to reorganize it. When he became king in 1805, the name of the manufactory was changed to Royal Porcelain Manufactory in Ludwigsburg. The king died in 1816 but his successor William I was not interested in an expensive manufactory and ordered it closed in 1824. The remaining moulds were sold to Eduard Kick in Amberg, Bavaria who made reproductions of Ludwigsburg Porcelain.

Marks: 164, 165**, 168, 169, 175, 511, 960-966, 982**-985, 1020-1022, 1040, 1055**-1059, 2545
** Indicates marks found on Figurines salvaged from the "Baltic".

The products of the manufactory occasionally are called "Kronenburg" porcelain.

Marks found on the Figurines recovered from the "Baltic" include "982" found on the Shepherd with Goat, and "165" found on the Fox with Puppies

The Inkwells consist of ornate lids with bases. Inside the bases are holes for small containers of ink, and sand. The containers were also recovered. The sand was sprinkled onto the paper after writing to blot the ink to avoid smearing or running.